It was in Querétaro, meeting under the guise of Literary Associations, that the Mexican Independence conspirators (or “reformers”) laid their earliest plans. In 1810 one of their number, María Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez, wife of the town’s Corregidor (or governor – she is known as “La Corregidora”), was locked in her room while her husband was ordered to seek out the conspirators (though he was also sympathetic to their cause) – she managed to get a message out to Ignacio Pérez, who carried it to Independence movement leaders Allende and Hidalgo in the towns of San Miguel and Dolores, thus precipitating an unexpectedly early start to the independence struggle.

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